Lord of the Manor

Medieval England was divided into territorial units called manors. Each manor was an estate held in varying degrees by a feudal lord from the king. The lord of the manor governed his estate, including free, unfree, and servile tenants. He held a private plot of land known as the demesne. The lord also held a private court known as the manor court, through which he regulated the affairs of his feudal inferiors in matters of local custom, including the establishment of assize laws, debts, inheritance, marriage, mobility, punishments for absense from court hearings, and violence towards other tenants.

See also Manor and Villein.