Gustave Anjou (1863-1942) was the author of more than one hundred genealogies, all of dubious merit. His obituary in the New York Times claimed that he had "developed a profitable business in the sale of mail-order ancestors" [NYT, Mar. 3, 1942]. Since his death, Anjou has been accused of doctoring pedigrees, manufacturing evidence, and defrauding the would-be royal heirs who were his audience. Any information taken from his works should be scrutinized with greater-than-usual care, and every asserted fact verified.